Thursday, March 23, 2023

The Statement: Afghan Diplomats in the Diaspora

The Statement of the Association for Coordination of Diplomats

 of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

14 March 2023

The Association for Coordination of Diplomats of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is founded by a group of the current and former diplomats for the purpose of protecting the rights of the citizens of Afghanistan and standing up against the injustices and atrocities of the Taliban illegitimate regime in Afghanistan. We support the civil and political movements inside and outside of Afghanistan towards establishment of a legitimate, representative, and inclusive government. We work with the international community to ensure the fundamental rights of the people of Afghanistan

As the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) will be discussed this week at the U.N. Security Council, the Association presents its views and suggestions below. 

During the last one year and eight months since the brutal takeover of Afghanistan by the Taliban, we believe UNAMA has not successfully carried out its responsibilities under the mandates provided to it by relevant resolutions of the U.N. Security Council.[1] In our view, the functioning of UNAMA should be reviewed and its mandate be adjusted to effectively address the present needs of the country.

The mandate of UNAMA[2] was initially to work with a legitimate government. In the current situation, by focusing solely on engagement with the Taliban (many members of whom are on sanctions lists) and regularly meeting with them at high levels, UNAMA risks normalizing their unlawful form of rule and undermining the credibility of the United Nations. 

UNAMA has adopted a passive approach with respect to the deprivation of the people of Afghanistan of their inalienable right to self-determination – which is essential to pave the way for the promotion and protection of all other human rights. Widespread and systematic violations and abuses of human rights, crimes against humanity, and war crimes, accumulate by the day, including: torture and arbitrary killings of former members of the government and national security forces; cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment and mass displacement of civilians in regions where there has been armed resistance against the Taliban’s authoritarian form of rule with a view to implement a policy of demographic engineering in those areas, killings of prisoners of war; ethnic and linguistic discrimination and cleansing; violent suppression of peaceful demonstrations by women, which, together with other discriminatory measures, amount to gender persecution; horrific situations in detention centers; arbitrary killings, torture, arrest, and humiliation of civil society activists, human rights defenders, journalists, teachers, and other vulnerable groups. In regards to such violations and abuses, UNAMA has either remained silent or expressed mere concern in statements that have failed to have tangible impacts on the lives of the people of Afghanistan. 

UNAMA has repeatedly stated that it coordinates the use of funds that are shipped weekly to Afghanistan in the form of cash to provide critical humanitarian assistance to millions requiring support in the country.[3] However, UNAMA has not provided enough details about the transparency of this process, nor has it been able to ensure the delivery of humanitarian aid in an equitable manner to those most in need. There are credible reports of interference by the Taliban in the processes of aid distribution.[4] Money diverted by the Taliban has only served to empower them. The threat of the consolidation of power by the Taliban poses a grave risk to Afghanistan and the world.

All of the above reasons warrant serious changes to UNAMA’s mandate and function. We recommend that UNAMA immediately end its one-sided engagement with the Taliban and instead commence wide -ranging dialogues with political parties, movements, and influential figures inside and outside Afghanistan to advance a political solution that allows for the establishment of a lawful, inclusive and representative government, that ensures the full, equal and meaningful participation of women, youth and ethnic and religious minorities in  decision-making positions and processes, and  promotes and protects the human rights of all citizens. Furthermore, in its reports, UNAMA should aim to provide credible, unbiased information that, to the maximum extent possible, reflects the realities on the ground. 

The Association of Diplomats of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan accordingly requests an adjustment to the mandate of UNAMA that reflects the above points. We further request the U.N. Security Council and the U.N. Secretary-General to ensure that representatives of UNAMA actively, effectively, and responsibly fulfil such a new mandate. Only with this reform, will the renewal of UNAMA’s mandate serve as a promising step towards alleviating the multiple crises Afghanistan faces today.

The time has come to redefine the mandate in a manner that best fulfils the aims of the U.N. Charter – to promote lasting peace, stability, and respect for the human rights and fundamental freedoms of all the people of Afghanistan. 

[1] U.N. Security Council Resolution 2626 (2022); U.N. Security Council Resolution 2596 (2021) (referring to Resolution 2543 (2020)).

[2] U.N. Security Council Resolution 1401 (March 2002) (referring to the report of the

Secretary-General of 18 March 2002 (S/2002/278): “(a) Fulfilling the tasks and responsibilities, including those related to human rights, the rule of law and gender issues, entrusted to the United Nations in the Bonn Agreement, which were endorsed by the Security Council in its resolution 1383 (2001); (b) Promoting national reconciliation and rapprochement throughout the country, through the good offices role of my Special Representative; and (c) Managing all United Nations humanitarian relief, recovery and reconstruction activities in Afghanistan, under the overall authority of my Special Representative and in coordination with the Interim Authority and successor administrations of Afghanistan.”).


[4] Situation of human rights in Afghanistan – Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Afghanistan, A/HRC/52/84, para. 31. 

Note: ADN’s publication of this statement is not an endorsement of the views expressed. All members of the Afghan diaspora, regardless of their political, ethnic, or religious affiliations, are treated equally by ADN.

The contents of the article are of sole responsibility of the author. Afghan Diaspora Network will not be responsible for any inaccurate or incorrect statement in the articles.

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